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Modulation of polymerase II composition: A possible mode of transcriptional regulation of stress response in eukaryotes

Sadhale, Parag and Sharma, Nimisha and Beena, P and Katoch, Aparna and Acharya, Narottam and Singh, Sanjay K (1998) Modulation of polymerase II composition: A possible mode of transcriptional regulation of stress response in eukaryotes. In: Journal of Biosciences, 23 (04). pp. 331-335.

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Regulation of stress response in prokaryotes is mainly achieved at the transcriptional initiation level. Prokaryotes use alternative holoenzymes, consisting of the core polymerase associated with different sigma factors, which confer on it altered specificity of transcriptional initiation. Stress response being probably one of the most inevitable features of life, it would be interesting to find if eukaryotes also use a similar strategy at this level of regulation. Since the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a model system for studying many different phenomena in eukaryotes we review the transcriptional regulation of stress in this system. Based on published observations in the literature and our own studies, we have analysed the regulation of stress response in the yeast S. cerevisiae. Two of the core subunits of the yeast RNA polymerase II, which show altered stoichiometry within the polymerase under different conditions appear to be involved specifically in regulating the stress response. In a very broad sense then, the altered subunit composition of the core polymerase or a different holoenzyme, appears to correlate with gene expression specific to stress response in S. cerevisiae and probably reflects the scenario in other eukaryotes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Biosciences
Publisher: Indian Academy of Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy Of Sciences.
Keywords: Saccharomyces cerevisiae;transcriptional regulation;stress response.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2009 09:26
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2012 05:10
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/18975

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