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Influence of Cation Size on the Structural Features of Ln1/2A1/2MnO3 Perovskites at Room Temperature

Woodward, PM and Vogt, T and Cox, DE and Arulraj, A and Rao, CNR and Karen, P and Cheetham, AK (1998) Influence of Cation Size on the Structural Features of Ln1/2A1/2MnO3 Perovskites at Room Temperature. In: Chemistry of Materials, 102 (11). pp. 3652-3665.


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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/cm980397u


Polycrystalline samples of Ln(1/2)Sr(1/2)MnO(3) (Ln = La, Pr, La0.33Nd0.67, Nd, Nd0.5Sm0.5, Sm, and Gd) and Ln(1/2)Ca(1/2)MnO(3) (Ln = La, Pr, La0.5Nd0.5, Nd, Sm, and Y0.5Sm0.5) have been prepared, and structure determinations have been carried out at room temperature using high-resolution synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data. The octahedral tilting distortion increases as the average ionic radius of the Ln/A cations, [rA], decreases. The two crystallographically distinct Mn-O-Mn bonds [Mn-O(eq)-Mn and Mn-O(ax)-Mn] are almost identical for Ln(0.5)Ca(0.5)MnO(3) compounds, with the exception of La0.5Ca0.5MnO3. The La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 compound and the entire Ln(0.5)Sr(0.5)MnO(3) series adopt structures where the Mn-O(eq)-Mn bond angle is consistently and significantly larger (2-6 degrees) than the Mn-O(ax)-Mn bond angle. All of the Ln(0.5)Ca(0.5)MnO(3) compounds have Pnma symmetry, whereas across the Ln(0.5)Sr(0.5)MnO(3) series with increasing (rA), an evolution from Pnma (tilt system a(-)b(+)a(-)) over Imma (tilt system a(-)b(0)a(-)) to I4/mcm (tilt system a(0)a(0)c(-)) symmetry is observed. It appears that the latter two tilt systems are stabilized with respect to the rhombohedral (R (3) over bar c) a(-)a(-)a(-) tilt system, by short-range layered ordering of A-site cations. Changes in the octahedral tilt system at room temperature are linked to changes in the low-temperature magnetic structure. In particular, the simultaneous onset of charge ordering and CE-type antiferromagnetism in the Ln(0.5)Sr(0.5)MnO(3) series appears to be closely associated with the Imma structure. The average Mn-O bond distance is relatively constant across the entire series, but individual Mn-O bond distances show the presence of a cooperative Jahn-Teller effect (orbital ordering) at room temperature in Sm0.5Ca0.5MnO3 and Sm0.25Y0.25Ca0.5MnO3.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Chemistry of Materials
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2009 10:26
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/18733

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