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Spray pyrolytic deposition and characterization of SnS and SnS2 thin films

Thangaraju, B and Kaliannan, P (2000) Spray pyrolytic deposition and characterization of SnS and SnS2 thin films. In: Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics, 33 (09). pp. 1054-1059.

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Official URL: http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0022-3727/33/9/304


The spray pyrolysis technique is employed to prepare thin films of SnS on glass substrates and SnS2 on glass as well as fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) coated glass substrates. The pyrolysis temperatures of SnS and SnS2 are 350 degrees C and 275 degrees C, respectively. The films are found to be n-type semiconductors. The SnS thin film is amorphous, whereas the SnS2 shows polycrystalline structure and the calculated average grain size is 115 Angstrom for SnS2 on glass and 324 Angstrom on the FTO substrate. From an analysis of the high absorption region data a direct-allowed transition at 2.44 eV has been observed for SnS2. In the optical investigations of SnS layers an non-direct-allowed transition at 1 eV is revealed. The corresponding absorption coefficients near the fundamental absorption edge are similar to 2 x 10(4) cm(-1) and 4.6 x 10(3) cm-l for SnS2 and SnS thin films. The room temperature dark conductivity of SnS is of the order of 10(-3) Omega(-1) cm(-1) and 10(-4)-10(-3) Omega(-1) cm(-1) for SnS2 films. The corresponding photoconductivity values of SnS, SnS2 on glass and SnS2 on FTO are ten, four and two times higher than the dark conductivity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics
Publisher: Institute Of Physics
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Institute Of Physics.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2009 09:19
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/18250

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