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A search for additional X-linked genes affecting sex determination in Drosophila melanogaster

Anand, Anuranjan and Das Gupta, Aindrilla and Sudha, S and Raghavan, S and Chandrah, Sharat H (1998) A search for additional X-linked genes affecting sex determination in Drosophila melanogaster. In: Journal of Genitics, 77 (1). pp. 27-36.

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The gene Sex-lethal (Sxl) plays a pivotal role in Drosophila sexual development. Once activated in response to the X:A ratio signal in XX embryos, Sri participates in appropriate implementation of all known aspects of sexual differentiation. We have attempted to identify new X-linked genes involved in sex determination, especially those involved in the regulation of Sri. Since misregulation of Sri, or that of the genes that regulate it, leads to female-specific lethality, or synergistic female-lethal gene interactions, or both, we used these criteria to screen about 10,000 EMS-treated chromosomes for (i) recessive female-specific lethality or (ii) enhanced female lethality in transheterozygous combination with Sri. Four potentially useful mutations-Sxl(dlf), fl-35, fl-46, l-43-were recovered and a few of their properties were characterized. Approximate map positions of these mutations were determined by meiotic mapping. To understand their probable position(s) in the hierarchy of genes regulating sex determination, we studied dose-dependent interactions between them and mutations in genes known to affect sex determination by generating double and triple heterozygotes. These studies suggest that (i) Sxl(dlf) is not defective in the 'early' regulation or functions of Sri, and (ii)fl-35, fl-46 and l-43 are unlikely to be a part of the X:A ratio signal, i.e. they are not needed for the transcriptional activation of Sri. On the other hand, they could be affecting post-transcriptional processing of Sri transcripts.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Genitics
Publisher: Indian Academy Of Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy Of Sciences.
Keywords: sex determination;dosage compensation;sex-lethal;Drosophila melanogaster.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2009 07:19
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/18069

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