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Predicting the compressibility behaviour of tire shred samples for landfill applications

Warith, MA and Rao, Sudhakar M (2006) Predicting the compressibility behaviour of tire shred samples for landfill applications. In: Waste Management, 26 (3). pp. 268-276.

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Tire shreds have been used as an alternative to crushed stones (gravel) as drainage media in landfill leachate collection systems. The highly compressible nature of tire shreds (25-47% axial strain on vertical stress applications of 20-700 kPa) may reduce the thickness of the tire shred drainage layer to less than 300 mm (minimum design requirement) during the life of the municipal solid waste landfill. There hence exists a need to predict axial strains of tire shred samples in response to vertical stress applications so that the initial thickness of the tire shred drainage layer can be corrected for compression. The present study performs one-dimensional compressibility tests on four tire shred samples and compares the results with stress/strain curves from other studies. The stress/strain curves are developed into charts for choosing the correct initial thickness of tire shred layers that maintain the minimum thickness of 300 mm throughout the life of the landfill. The charts are developed for a range of vertical stresses based on the design height of municipal waste cell and bulk unit weight of municipal waste. Experimental results also showed that despite experiencing large axial strains, the average permeability of the tire shred sample consistently remained two to three orders of magnitude higher than the design performance criterion of 0.01 cm/s for landfill drainage layers. Laboratory experiments, however, need to verify whether long-term chemical and bio-chemical reactions between landfill leachate and the tire shred layer will deteriorate their mechanical functions (hydraulic conductivity, compressibility, strength) beyond permissible limits for geotechnical applications

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Waste Management
Publisher: Elsavier
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsavier.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2009 10:41
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/17779

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