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Utility of Eucalyptus tereticornis (Smith) bark and Desulfotomaculum nigrificans for the remediation of acid mine drainage

Chockalingam, Evvie and Subramanian, S (2009) Utility of Eucalyptus tereticornis (Smith) bark and Desulfotomaculum nigrificans for the remediation of acid mine drainage. In: Bioresource Technology, 100 (2). pp. 615-621.

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The efficacy of the bark of Eucalyptus tereticornis (Smith) as an adsorbent for the removal of metal ions and sulphate from acid mine water was assessed. About 96% of Fe, 75% of Zn, 92% of Cu and 41% of sulphate removal was achieved from the acid mine water of pH 2.3 with a concomitant increase in pH value by about two units after interaction with the tree bark, under appropriate conditions. The adsorption isotherms adhered to Freundlich and Langmuir relationships and were exothermic in nature. The free energy of the adsorption process was found to be negative attesting to the feasibility of the reaction. The adsorption kinetics followed the first-order Lagergren rate equation. The filtrate obtained after treatment with E. tereticornis (Sm) bark was found to contain essential elements like potassium, magnesium, calcium, sodium and phosphate apart from carbon which served as a successful growth medium for the sulphate reducing bacteria (SRB) namely Desulfotomaculum nigrificans. Bacterial growth studies showed that about 57% and 72% of sulphate reduction could be achieved at initial pH values of 4.1 and 5.5 respectively of the acid mine water. Pretreatment of the acid mine water with tree bark followed by bioremoval using Dsm. nigrificans resulted in about 75% and 84% respectively of sulphate reduction at pH 4.1 and 5.5, cumulatively by biosorption and bioreduction, The mechanisms of metal ion removal using tree bark and sulphate reduction using Dsm. nigrificans are discussed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Bioresource Technology
Publisher: Elsevier
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Acid mine drainage;E. tereticornis (Sm);Bioremediation;Dsm nigrificans;Sulphate reduction.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2009 09:42
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/17692

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