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Crystal structure of a chimera of human and plasmodium falciparum hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferases provides insights into oligomerization

Gayathri, P and Subbayya, IN Sujay and Ashok, Chethan S and Selvi, T Senthamizh and Balaram, Hemalatha and Murthy, MRN (2008) Crystal structure of a chimera of human and plasmodium falciparum hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferases provides insights into oligomerization. In: Proteins-Structure Function and Bioinformatics, 73 (4). pp. 1010-1020.

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The crystal structure of a chimera of Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) and human hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferases (HGPRT), which consists of the core of the protein from the human enzyme and the hood region from the Pf enzyme, has been determined as a complex with the product guanosine monophosphate (GMP). The chimera can utilize hypoxanthine, guanine, and xanthine as substrates, similar to the Pf enzyme. It exists as a monomer-dimer mixture in solution, but shifts to a tetramer on addition of phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate (PRPP). The structural studies reveal that the asymmetric unit of the crystal consists of two monomers of the chimeric HGPRT. Surprisingly, the dimer interface of the chimera is the less extensive AC interface of the parent HGPRTs. An analysis of the crystal structures of the various human HGPRTs provides an explanation for the oligomeric characteristics of the chimera. Pro93 and Tyr197 form part of crucial interactions holding together the AB interface in the unliganded or GMP-bound forms of HGPRT, while Pro93 and His26 interact at the interface after binding of PRPR Replacement of Tyr197 of human HGPRT by Ile207 in the chimera disrupts the interaction at the AB interface in the absence of PRPR In the presence of PRPP, the interaction between Pro93 and His26 could restore the AB interface, shifting the chimeric enzyme to a tetrameric state. The structure provides valuable insights into the differences in the AB interface between Pf and human HGPRTs, which may be useful for designing selective inhibitors against the parasite enzyme.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Proteins-Structure Function and Bioinformatics
Publisher: WILEY-LISS
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to WILEY-LISS.
Keywords: hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRT); chimeric enzyme;Plasmodium falciparum;crystal structure; oligomerization;substrate specificity.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2009 11:27
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/17654

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