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Symmetry-noise interplay in a quantum walk on an n-cycle

Banerjee, Subhashish and Srikanth, R and Chandrashekar, CM and Rungta, Pranaw (2008) Symmetry-noise interplay in a quantum walk on an n-cycle. In: Physical Review A, 78 (5). 052316-052322.

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Augmenting the unitary transformation which generates a quantum walk by a generalized phase gate G is a symmetry for both noisy and noiseless quantum walk on a line, in the sense that it leaves the position probability distribution invariant. However, this symmetry breaks down in the case of a quantum walk on an n cycle, and hence can be regarded as a probe of the walk topology. Noise, modeled here as phase flip and generalized amplitude damping channels, tends to restore the symmetry because it classicalizes the walk. However, symmetry restoration happens even in the regime where the walker is not entirely classical, because noise also has the effect of desensitizing the operation G to the walk topology. We discuss methods for physical implementation, and talk about the wider implications to condensed matter systems.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review A
Publisher: American Physical Society
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Physical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for High Energy Physics
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2009 07:37
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/17470

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