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Exact magnetization plateaus and phase transitions in spin-S Heisenberg antiferromagnets in arbitrary dimensions

Ravi Chandra, V and Surendran, Naveen (2006) Exact magnetization plateaus and phase transitions in spin-S Heisenberg antiferromagnets in arbitrary dimensions. In: Physical Review B, 74 (2). pp. 4421-4427.

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We generalize a class of Heisenberg antiferromagnets in one, two, and three dimensions, which have been shown to exhibit magnetization plateaus for spin-1/2. In a certain parameter range of the general model, which is formally defined in D dimensions, we obtain the exact ground stat(s) in the presence of an external magnetic field for arbitrary values of spin. In this range, the magnetization remains a constant as a function of the external field, except at some special values of the field where there is a jump from one plateau to the next. The plateaus are formed at certain specific fractions of the full magnetization which are determined by the spin and the lattice. Our general spin-S result reproduces the known cases for spin-1/2 in various lattices. Furthermore, we argue that outside the exact regime, the mechanism for the plateau formation is different. This results in first order phase transitions along some of the plateaus as the coupling constant is varied. We rigorously show the existence of such transitions for some particular cases. Finally, we numerically analyze a spin-1 model in one dimension using exact diagonalization to obtain its complete phase diagram. It agrees with our analytic results.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review B
Publisher: American Physical Society
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Physical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for High Energy Physics
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2009 11:29
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/17185

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