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Helicity of solar active regions from a dynamo model

Choudhuri, Arnab Rai and Chatterjee, P and Nandy, D (2004) Helicity of solar active regions from a dynamo model. In: The Astrophysical Journal, 615 (1). L57 -L60.

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We calculate helicities of solar active regions based on the idea that poloidal flux lines get wrapped around a toroidal flux tube rising through the convection zone, thereby giving rise to the helicity. Rough estimates based on this idea compare favorably with the observed magnitude of helicity. We use our solar dynamo model based on the Babcock-Leighton alpha-effect to study how helicity varies with latitude and time. At the time of solar maximum, our theoretical model gives negative helicity in the northern hemisphere and positive helicity in the south, in accordance with observed hemispheric trends. However, we find that during a short interval at the beginning of a cycle, helicities tend to be opposite of the preferred hemispheric trends.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: The Astrophysical Journal
Publisher: The American Astronomical Society.
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The American Astronomical Society.
Keywords: MHD—Sun;activity—Sun;magnetic fields—sunspots.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2008 04:55
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/17045

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