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Dielectric, thermal, and mechanical properties of the semiorganic nonlinear optical crystal sodium p-nitrophenolate dihydrate

Brahadeeswaran, S and Kini, NS and Umarji, AM and Balaya, P and Goyal, PS (2000) Dielectric, thermal, and mechanical properties of the semiorganic nonlinear optical crystal sodium p-nitrophenolate dihydrate. In: Journal of Applied Physics, 88 (10). pp. 5935-5940.

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Physical properties such as dielectric, specific heat, thermal expansion, and mechanical hardness have been measured for sodium p-nitrophenolate dihydrate single crystals. The dielectric measurements were made both as a function of frequency (in the range 15 kHz-10 MHz) and temperature (in the range 30-80 degreesC). For the range of frequencies measured the values were found to vary between 4.03 and 3.69 for epsilon (11), 8.11 and 7.05 for epsilon (22), and 5.71 and 5.36 for epsilon (33) at room temperature, and piezoelectric resonances were observed at certain frequencies. The dielectric measurements made as a function of temperature did not exhibit any anomaly in the temperature range measured. The specific heat studies carried out for this compound showed approximate to 30% increase in C-p with the temperature in the measured range. The thermal expansion measured as a function of temperature in the range 30-80 degreesC exhibited linear behavior and the average thermal expansion coefficients were found to be alpha (1)=7.48x10(-5) K-1, alpha (2)=4.30x10(-6) K-1, and alpha (3)=1.99x10(-5) K-1. The polar plots drawn for these coefficients were correlated with crystallographic features of the structure. The Vickers hardness measurements, carried out along the three crystallographic axes, also exhibited anisotropy.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Applied Physics
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Additional Information: Copyright of thid article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2009 06:19
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:54
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/17016

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