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Efficiency of joint use of MRS and VES to characterize coastal aquifer in Myanmar

Vouillamoz, JM and Chatenoux, B and Mathieu, F and Baltassat, JM and Legchenko, A (2007) Efficiency of joint use of MRS and VES to characterize coastal aquifer in Myanmar. In: Journal of Applied Geophysics, 61 (2). pp. 142-154.

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The productivity and the water quality of coastal aquifers can be highly heterogeneous in a complex environment. The characterization of these aquifers can be improved by hydrogeological and complementary geophysical surveys. Such an integrated approach is developed in a non-consolidated coastal aquifer in Myanmar (previously named Burma). A preliminary hydrogeological survey is conducted to know better the targeted aquifers. Then, 25 sites are selected to characterize aquifers through borehole drillings and pumping tests implementation. In the same sites, magnetic resonance soundings (MRS) and vertical electrical soundings (VES) are carried out. Geophysical results are compared to hydrogeological data, and geophysical parameters are used to characterize aquifers using conversion equations. Finally, combining the analysis of technical and economical impacts of geophysics, a methodology is proposed to characterize non-consolidated coastal aquifers. Depth and thickness of saturated zone is determined by means of MRS in 68% of the sites (evaluated with 34 soundings). The average accuracy of confined storativity estimated with MRS is \pm6% (evaluated over 7 pumping tests) whereas the average accuracy of transmissivity estimation with MRS is \pm45% (evaluated using 15 pumping tests). To reduce uncertainty in VES interpretation, the aquifer geometry estimated with MRS is used as a fixed parameter in VES inversion. The accuracy of groundwater electrical conductivity evaluation from 15 VES is enough to estimate the risk of water salinity. In addition, the maximum depth of penetration of the MRS depends on the rocks' electrical resistivity and is between 20 and 80 m at the study area.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Applied Geophysics
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Aquifer;Magnetic resonance soundings;Vertical electrical soundings;Conversion equation;Hydrogeophysics;Myanmar.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2008 14:13
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2011 07:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/16732

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