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Dispersion of the Stree Optical Coefficient of the Alkali Halides

Srinivasan, R (1958) Dispersion of the Stree Optical Coefficient of the Alkali Halides. In: Nature, 182 (4650). pp. 1660-1661.

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IN recent years the dispersion of the stress optical coefficients of diamond, the alkali halides and magnesium oxide has been determined in the visible range of wave-lengths. The dispersion in fused quartz has also been investigated from 5700 to 2500 A. The observed dispersion is of the order of a few per cent for all these materials. In the present investigation the dispersion of the stress optical coefficient $C = n^{3} (q_{11}-q_{12})/2$ has been determined from the visible range to 2400 A. The method of measurement combines the differential feature of Bansigir and Iyengar's method with the photographic method of Jog. Using fused quartz (presented by the Thermal Syndicate to Prof. R. S. Krishnan) as the standard, the stress optical coefficient of the alkali halides is obtained by determining the position of the dark bands in the spectrum of light polarized at $45^{o}$ to the direction of stress and passed through the fused quartz specimen loaded suitably, the stressed alkali halide crystal and an analyser in the crossed position. The position of the dark bands is determined by the equation : $C_1w_1/t_1 + CW/t = n\lambda$ where C is the stress optical coefficient of the material for wave-length $\lambda$; W is the load applied on it; t is its thickness and n is the order of the band. $C_1$, $W_1$ and $t_1$ refer to the standard and C, W and t to the alkali halide used.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Nature
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Nature Publishing Group.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2008 08:58
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/16323

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