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Vibration Spectra of the Alkali Halides

Krishnan, RS (1947) Vibration Spectra of the Alkali Halides. In: Nature, 160 (4073). pp. 711-712.

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As is well known, ammonium chloride crystallizes in the cubic system, its structure being of the rock-salt type above $450^o T$. and of the cæsium chloride type below that temperature. Menzies and Mills1 found that at liquid air temperatures it shows in its Raman spectrum a strong line with a frequency shift of $183 cm^{-1}$. This observation is significant, since the frequency shift corresponds to the Rest-strahlen frequency of the crystal2 and hence indicates that the oscillation of the $NH_4$ groups against the Cl ions is Banian-active. The crystal powder technique employed by Menzies and Mills is, however, not well suited for the study of Raman spectra in the region of such small frequency shifts. Accordingly, a fresh investigation has been made with a well-grown single crystal and the \lambda 2536.5 excitation and the same technique as in my recent investigations with various other crystals. To enable the entire sequence of changes to be observed, spectra were recorded with the crystal held at a series of seven temperatures down to that of liquid air.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Nature
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Nature Publishing Group.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2008 10:22
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/16316

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