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Zinc and antibiotic resistance: metallo-\beta-lactamases and their synthetic analogues

Tamilselvi, A and Mugesh, Govindasamy (2008) Zinc and antibiotic resistance: metallo-\beta-lactamases and their synthetic analogues. In: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 13 (7). pp. 1039-1053.

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Antibiotic resistance to clinically employed \beta-lactam antibiotics currently poses a very serious threat to the clinical community. The origin of this resistance is the expression of several \beta -lactamases that effectively hydrolyze the amide bond in \beta -lactam compounds. These \beta -lactamases are classified into two major categories: serine \beta -lactamases and metallo-\beta -lactamases. The metalloenzymes use one or two zinc ions in their active sites to catalyze the hydrolysis of all classes of \beta -lactam antibiotics, including carbapenems. As there is no clinically useful inhibitor for the metallo-\beta -lactamases, it is important to understand the mechanism by which these enzymes catalyze the hydrolysis of antibiotics. In this regard, the development of synthetic analogues will be very useful in understanding the mechanism of action of metallob-lactamases. This review highlights some important contributions made by various research groups in the area of synthetic analogues of metallo-\beta -lactamases, with major emphasis on the role of dinuclear Zn(II) complexes in the hydrolysis of \beta -lactam antibiotics.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer
Keywords: Antibiotics;Drug resistance;Metallo-β-lactamase;Synthetic mimics;Zinc enzymes
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2009 07:32
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/16285

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