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Planform structure and heat transfer in turbulent free convection over horizontal surfaces

Theerthan, Ananda S and Arakeri, Jaywant H (2000) Planform structure and heat transfer in turbulent free convection over horizontal surfaces. In: Physics of Fluids, 12 (4). pp. 884-894.

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This paper deals with turbulent free convection in a horizontal fluid layer above a heated surface. Experiments have been carried out on a heated surface to obtain and analyze the planform structure and the heat transfer under different conditions. Water is the working fluid and the range of flux Rayleigh numbers (Ra) covered is $3\times10^7-2\times10^{10}$ The different conditions correspond to Rayleigh-Benard convection, convection with either the top water surface open to atmosphere or covered with an insulating plate, and with an imposed external flow on the heated boundary. Without the external flow the planform is one of randomly oriented line plumes. At large Rayleigh number Ra and small aspect ratio (AR), these line plumes seem to align along the diagonal, presumably due to a large scale flow. The side views show inclined dyelines, again indicating a large scale flow. When the external flow is imposed, the line plumes clearly align in the direction of external flow. The nondimensional average plume spacing, $Ra_{\lambda}^{1/3}$, varies between 40 and 90. The heat transfer rate, for all the experiments conducted, represented as $Ra_{{\delta}_T}^{-1/3}$, where $\delta_T$ is the conduction layer thickness, varies only between 0.1–0.2, showing that in turbulent convection the heat transfer rates are similar under the different conditions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physics of Fluids
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2008 11:20
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:50
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/15963

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