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Selenium Analogues of Anti-Thyroid Drugs

Roy, Gouriprasanna and Mugesh, Govindasamy (2008) Selenium Analogues of Anti-Thyroid Drugs. In: Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Silicon and the Related Elements, 183 (4). pp. 908-923.

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The inhibition of lactoperoxidase (LPO)-catalyzed oxidation of ABTS by anti-thyroid drugs and related derivatives is described. The commonly used anti-thyroid agent methimazole (MMI) inhibits the LPO with an $IC_{50}$ value of 7.0 \pm 1.1 \mu M which is much lower than that of the other two anti-thyroid drugs, PTU and MTU. The selenium analogue of methimazole (MSeI) also inhibits LPO with an $IC_{50}$ value of 16.4 \pm 1.5 \mu M, which is about 4-5 times lower than that of PTU and MTU. In contrast to thiones and selones, the S- and Se-protected compounds do not show any noticeable inhibition under identical experimental conditions. While the inhibition of LPO by MMI cannot be reversed by increasing the hydrogen peroxide concentration, the inhibition by MSeI can be completely reversed by increasing the peroxide concentration. Experimental and theoretical studies were performed on a number of selones, which suggest that these compounds exist as selenolates or zwitterions in which the selenium atom carries a large negative charge. The structures of selones were studied in solution by NMR spectroscopy and the $^{77}{Se}$ NMR chemical shifts for the selones show large upfield shifts in the signals, confirming the zwitterionic structure of the selones in solution. The thermal isomerization of some S- and Se-substituted methyl and benzyl imidazole derivatives to produce the thermodynamically more stable N-substituted derivatives is described.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Silicon and the Related Elements
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor & Francis.
Keywords: Anti-thyroid drugs;bioinorganic chemistry;iodine;methimazole;selenium.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2008
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2008 13:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/14798

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