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Performance of a Wireless Access Protocol on Correlated Rayleigh-Fading Channels with Capture

Chockalingam, A and Zorzi, Michele and Milstein, Laurence B and Venkataram, Pallapa (1998) Performance of a Wireless Access Protocol on Correlated Rayleigh-Fading Channels with Capture. In: IEEE Transactions on Communications, 46 (5). pp. 644-655.


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The throughput performance of a wireless media access protocol taking into account the effect of correlated channel fading, capture, and propagation delay is analyzed. For efficient access on the uplink (mobile-to-base-station link), the protocol makes use of the uplink channel status information which is conveyed to the mobiles through a busy/idle flag broadcast on the downlink (base-station-to-mobile link). A first-order Markov model is used to describe the correlation in the packet success/failure process on a Rayleigh-fading channel. The analytical results obtained through the first- order Markov approximation of the channel are compared to those obtained from an independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) channel model. The Markovian-fading channel model is shown to provide better performance results than the i.i.d. channel model. Simulations show that a first-order Markov approximation of the Rayleigh-fading process is quite accurate. An enhanced version of the access protocol to take advantage of the memory in the fading channel behavior is proposed and analyzed. The effect of retransmission of erroneous data packets and propagation delay on the throughput is also analyzed. It is shown that the access protocol with an error detect (ED) feature is efficient in slow fading (e.g., pedestrian user speeds), whereas a retransmission protocol is more efficient in fast fading (e.g., vehicular user speeds).

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Transactions on Communications
Publisher: IEEE
Additional Information: ©1998 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Keywords: capture;correlated fading;Markov channel;retransmission;wireless access
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2005
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2013 10:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/1428

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