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DNA flow-cytometric analysis of testicular germ cell populations of the bonnet monkey (Macaca radiata) as a function of sexual maturity

Aravindan, GR and Ravindranath, N and Gopalakrishnan, K and Moudgal, NR (1990) DNA flow-cytometric analysis of testicular germ cell populations of the bonnet monkey (Macaca radiata) as a function of sexual maturity. In: Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 89 (2). pp. 397-406.

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Testicular germ cell populations of biopsies from 32 male bonnet monkeys in 5 different age groups were quantitated in a flow cytometer after labelling of germ cell DNA with the specific fluorochrome, 4,6-diamidino phenyl indole. The 5 quantifiable populations were spermatogonia (2C), preleptotene spermatocytes (S phase), primary spermatocytes (4C), round spermatids (1C) and elongate spermatids (HC). The seminiferous tubules of immature 3-4-year-old monkey had only Sertoli cells and spermatogonia (2C). At 5-6 years, germ cells in S-phase (9.5%), 4C (11.1%), 1C (41.8%) and HC (17.1%) stages of maturation appeared for the first time but at 7-8 years of age and beyond all cell types except HC decreased while 1C remained relatively constant. Histometric analysis correlated well with the flow-cytometric data. The decrease in cells of 2C, S-phase and 4C stages was associated with an increase in mitotic index, signifying acceleration in the kinetics of germ cell transformation into subsequent cell types. The total turnover in cell transformation (1C:2C) was significantly (P less than 0.01) increased at and beyond 7-8 years. Maximum transition from 2C to 4C occurred at 5-6 years (4C:2C ratio 0.8 at 5-6 years and 0.6 at 7-8 years). The ratio HC:1C (kinetics of cell transformation during spermiogenesis) attained near total efficiency only by 10 years of age (1.08 at 10-14 years; 0.9 at 18-20 years). Also, the cell associations within the seminiferous tubules of monkeys greater than or equal to 10 years of age were better defined than those of younger animals. The changes in germ cell ratios correlated well with alterations in testicular volume, sperm numbers in the ejaculate and surges of testosterone and increments in FSH in the serum, characteristic of development of sexual maturity. It is apparent from this study that DNA flow cytometry of testicular germ cell populations reveals subtle changes in spermatogenic status of bonnet monkeys with a high degree of sensitivity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Reproduction and Fertility
Publisher: Society for Reproduction and Fertility
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Society for Reproduction and Fertility
Keywords: DNA flow-cytometric analysis;testicular germ cell;bonnet monkey ;Macaca radiata;sexual maturity
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:42
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/12890

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