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The Fusion Core Complex of the Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus is a Six-helix Bundle Assembly

Rahaman, Abdur and Srinivasan, N and Shamala, N and Shaila, MS (2003) The Fusion Core Complex of the Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus is a Six-helix Bundle Assembly. In: Biochemistry, 42 (4). pp. 922-931.

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We describe the properties of the two heptad repeats (HR1 and HR2) of the Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) fusion protein (F) to obtain insights into the mechanism by which these repeats influence PPRV-mediated cell fusion. Both HR1 and HR2 inhibit PPRV-mediated syncytia formation in Vero cells in vitro. Of these, HR2 was found to be more effective than HR1. We studied the mechanism of fusion inhibition by these two repeats by using various biophysical and biochemical methods either separately or together. CD spectral analysis of these repeats revealed that the alpha-helical content of HR1 and HR2 when used together is higher than that of their simulated spectrum in the mixture, suggesting the formation of a highly structured complex by these repeats. Protease protection assays confirmed that such a complex is highly stable. Electrospray mass spectrometry of protease-digested products of the HR1-HR2 complex showed protection of fragments corresponding to both HR1 and HR2 sequences involved in complex formation. By employing size-exclusion chromatography and chemical cross-linking experiments, we show that three units each of HR1 and HR2 form a complex in which HR1 is a trimer and HR2 is a monomer. Homology-based three-dimensional modeling of this complex showed that HR1 and HR2 together form a six-helix and trimeric coiled-coil bundle. In this model, the HRI trimer forms the core whereas HR2, while interacting with HR1 in an antiparallel orientation, forms a two-stranded coiled-coil structure and lies at the periphery of the structure. These results are discussed in the context of a common fusion mechanism among paramyxoviruses.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biochemistry
Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society(ACS).
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/12089

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