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Laminar separation bubbles: Dynamics and control

Diwan, Sourabh Suhas and Ramesh, ON (2007) Laminar separation bubbles: Dynamics and control. In: Sadhana: Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences, 32 (1-2). pp. 103-109.


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This work is an experimental investigation of the dynamics and control of the laminar separation bubbles which are typically present on the suction surface of an aerofoil at a large angle of attack. A separation bubble is produced on the upper surface of a flat plate by appropriately contouring the top wall of the wind tunnel. First, a basic (unforced) separation bubble is obtained to set a benchmark for further experiments. Parametric study is done where the reference velocity is decreased to quantify its effect on the aspect ratio of the bubble. It is found that with decrease in Reynolds number, the height of the bubble increases at a greater rate than the length. This feature could be useful in characterising separation bubbles especially from the point of view of low Reynolds number aerofoil design. Artificial disturbance is introduced at two different initial amplitudes (infinitesimal and finite) upstream of separation location and hotwire anemometry is used to trace the wave packet as it is advected downstream. The evolution of wave packets is seen to take place in two distinct stages. Finite amplitude forcing causes periodic quenching of the bubble. Interestingly, even an infinitesimally small forcing is seen to modify and thereby control the separation bubble.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Sadhana: Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences
Publisher: Indian Academy of Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Laminar separation bubble;Wave packet;External excitation;Control
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2007
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2019 11:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/11808

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