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Standard Gibbs energy of formation of $Pb_2Ru_2O_{6.5}$

Jacob, KT and Saji, VS and Waseda, Y (2007) Standard Gibbs energy of formation of $Pb_2Ru_2O_{6.5}$. In: Journal of Materials Research, 22 (5). pp. 1174-1181.

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Lead ruthenate is used as a bifunctional electrocatalyst for both oxygen evolution and reduction and as a conducting component in thick-film resistors. It also has potential applications in supercapacitors and solid oxide fuel cells. However, thermodynamic properties of the compound have not been reported in the literature. The standard Gibbs energy of formation has now been determined in the temperature range from 873 to 1123 K using a solid-state cell incorporating yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) as the electrolyte, a mixture of $PbO + Pb_2Ru_2O_{6.5}+ Ru$ as the measuring electrode, and $Ru + RuO_2$ as the reference. The design of the measuring electrode is based on a study of phase relations in the ternary system Pb–Ru–O at 1123 K. For the reaction, $2PbO (ortho) + 2RuO_2 (rut) + 1/4O_2(g) = Pb_2Ru_2O_{6.5}$(pyro) $\Delta G_r^o /J mol^{−1} (\pm524)$ = −80224+75.763(T/K) − 5.873(T/K)ln (T/K) , the standard enthalpy of formation and standard entropy at 298.15 K are estimated from the high-temperature measurements. An oxygen potential diagram for the system Pb–Ru–O is composed based on data obtained in this study and auxiliary information from the literature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Materials Research
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Cambridge University Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2007
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2012 06:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/11545

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