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Instantaneous Frequency Estimation Using Level-Crossing Information

Chandrasekhar, S and Sreenivas, TV (2003) Instantaneous Frequency Estimation Using Level-Crossing Information. In: International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP'03), 6-10 April 2003, Hong Kong, China, Vol.6, 141-144.


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In this paper, we discuss the problem of instantaneous frequency (IF) estimation of phase signals using their level-crossing (LC) instant information. We cast the problem to that of interpolating the instantaneous phase (IP), and hence finding the IF, from samples obtained at the level-crossing instants of the phase signal. These are inherently irregularly spaced and the problem essentially reduces to reconstructing a signal from the samples taken at irregularly sampled points for which we propose a ‘line plus sum of sines’ model. In the presence of noise, the temporal structure of the level-crossings can get distorted. To reduce the effects of noise, we use a short-time Fourier transform (STFT) based enhancement scheme. The performance of the proposed method is studied through Monte-Carlo simulations for a phase signal with composite IF for various SNRs. Different level-crossing based estimates are combined to obtain a new IFestimate. Simulation studies show that the estimates obtained using zero-crossing (ZC) and other very low level values perform better than those obtained with higher level values.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publisher: IEEE
Additional Information: Copyright 2006 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/10640

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