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Segmented Polyethylene Oxides: A New Class of Polyethers Prepared via Melt Transetherification

Jayakannan, M and Ramakrishnan, S (2001) Segmented Polyethylene Oxides: A New Class of Polyethers Prepared via Melt Transetherification. In: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 39 (10). pp. 1615-1628.

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Several segmented polyethylene oxides (SPEOs) were prepared by a melt-transetherification process using 1,4-bis(methoxymethyl)-2,3,5,6-tetramethylbenzene and polyethylene glycols (PEGs) of different molecular weights (di-, tri-, and tetraethylene glycols and PEGs of molecular weights 300, 600, 1000, 1500, and 3400) as the monomers. The effect of polymerization temperature (185 and 150 °C) on the molecular weight of SPEOs was studied, and it was shown that the molecular weight is larger at a higher polymerization temperature. The reversal of the polycondensation (transetherification) equilibrium by treatment of the polyethers with excess methanol transformed them completely into the starting monomers. The analysis of the degraded products by mass and NMR spectroscopies revealed that side reactions, such as the self-condensation of diols, are insignificant. The polymers containing shorter PEG spacers are amorphous, whereas the ones with longer PEG spacers are semicrystalline. The glass-transition temperature $(T_g)$ of the SPEOs decreased with increases in the spacer length and attained the value of PEO at PEG-600, whereas the melting transition $(T _m)$, crystallization temperature $(T_c)$, and their enthalpies of transition, $(\Delta H_m)$ and $(\Delta H_c)$, increased with increases in the spacer length. The introduction of "molecular kinks" into SPEOs by the use of another monomer, 1,3-bis(methoxymethyl)-2,4,5,6-tetramethylbenzene, surprisingly, showed little effect on their thermal properties. A "branched-PEO" analogue, containing pendant oligoethyleneoxy units, was also prepared, and its thermal properties were compared with its linear analogue. Preliminary ionic conductance measurements showed that some of these SPEOs could serve as potential candidates for solid polymer-electrolyte applications.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Publisher: Elsevier
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Keywords: Polyethers;Transetherification;Polymer degradation;Molecular kink
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/10617

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