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Cavitation erosion of laser-melted ductile iron

Gadag, SP and Srinivasan, MN (1995) Cavitation erosion of laser-melted ductile iron. In: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 51 (1-4). pp. 150-163.

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The influence of laser processing on the cavitation erosion of ductile iron, a material employed extensively for components in marine applications, including diesel-engine cylinder liners, valves and pumps, is addressed here. Pearlitic ductile iron has only modest resistance to cavitation erosion; the mean depth of penetration rate (MDPR) was $10-12\mu mh^{-1}$ in distilled water. Ferritic ductile iron had consistantly better resistance to erosion than pearlitic iron, particularly in corrosive media. The cavitation erosion rates in an aqueous slurry of 35 wt%. 220 grit SiC, Synthetic sea water (3.4 wt%) and centinormal dilute $H_2SO_4$ were 24, 40 and $86\mu mh^{-1}$ respectively, whilst the corresponding rates were reduced to 3, 6 and $12\mu mh^{-1}$ for laser-melted samples. The synergistic effect of corrosion and cavitation erosion was more pronounced in the dilute acid than in the salt water. The cavitation erosion rates decreased linearly with increase in the pH value of the cavitation bath. Laser treatment was very effective in bringing about a nearly seven-fold enhancement of the erosion resistance of ductile iron in mild corrosive media. This has enabled the delineation of the mechanism of cavitation erosion of ductile iron before and after laser processing, particularly in corrosive baths. A comprehensive review of published technical literature concerning the influence of laser surface treatment on the cavitation erosion of selected steels and cast irons in different baths is included.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Materials Processing Technology
Publisher: Elsevier
Additional Information: Copyright o fthis article belongs to Elsevier.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/10034

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