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Exploring DNA groove water dynamics through hydrogen bond lifetime and orientational relaxation

Pal, Subrata and Maiti, Prabal K and Bagchi, Biman (2006) Exploring DNA groove water dynamics through hydrogen bond lifetime and orientational relaxation. In: Journal of Chemical Physics, 125 (23). pp. 234903-1.

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Dynamics of water molecules in the grooves of DNA are of great interest both for practical functionality of DNA and fundamental as examples of confined systems interest. Here the authors employ atomistic molecular dynamics simulations to understand varying water dynamics at the minor and the major grooves of a 38 base-pair long DNA duplex in water. In order to understand and quantify the diversity in the nature of hydrogen bond due to many hydrogen bond donors and acceptors present in the four bases, they have undertaken study of hydrogen bond lifetime (HBLT) correlation functions of all the specific hydrogen bonds between the base atoms and water molecules. They find that the HBLT correlation functions are in general multiexponential, with the average lifetime depending significantly on the specificity and may thus be biologically relevant. The average hydrogen bond lifetime is longer in the minor groove than that in the major groove by almost a factor of 2. Analysis further shows that water hydrogen bonds with phosphate oxygen have substantially shorter lifetimes than those with the groove atoms. They also compute two different orientational time correlation functions (OTCFs) of the water molecules present at the major and the minor grooves and attempt to correlate OTCF with HBLT correlation function. The OTCFs in the minor groove exhibit three time scales, with the time constant of the slowest component one to two orders of magnitude longer than what is observed for bulk water. A slow component is also present for the major groove water but with shorter time constant. Interestingly, correlation between reformations allowed HBLT correlation function [$C_{HB}(t)]$ and the OTCF markedly deviates from each other in the grooves, indicating enhanced rigidity of water molecules in the grooves.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to the American Institute of Physics
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Satish MV
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/9788

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