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The effect of low temperature treatment on electrochemical activity of polyaniline

Mondal, SK and Munichandraiah, N (2006) The effect of low temperature treatment on electrochemical activity of polyaniline. In: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 595 (1). pp. 78-86.

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The effect of heating of polyaniline (PANI) at $80^\circ C$ on its electrochemical activity is studied. Although the thermogravimetric analysis indicates that PANI is stable at temperatures up to about $250^\circ C$ and it undergoes decomposition at higher temperatures, its intrinsic redox electrochemical activity decreases with duration of heating at a temperature as low as $80^\circ C$. The polymer completely loses its electrochemical activity. This behavior of PANI is studied by recording cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy at different intervals of heating time. Furthermore, the electrochemical activity of PANI towards the redox reaction $Fe^{2+}/Fe^{3+}$ also decreases similarly. The decrease in electrochemical activity of PANI is attributed to an irreversible loss of water molecules. The reaction order degradation of PANI is found to be close to unity, and a value of $1.44\times10^{-4}s^{-1}$ is obtained for the rate constant. The deactivated PANI does not recover its electrochemical activity even after a prolonged treatment in acidic electrolytes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Polyaniline;Electrochemical activity;Redox reaction
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Sumana K
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/8795

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