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Novel Microwave Method for the Synthesis and Sintering of Mullite from Kaolinite

Panneerselvam, M and Rao, KJ (2003) Novel Microwave Method for the Synthesis and Sintering of Mullite from Kaolinite. In: Chemistry of Materials, 15 (11). pp. 2247-2252.

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A novel and potentially economical microwave route has been developed for the synthesis and sintering of mullite from the naturally available minerals kaolinite and alumina. Mullite obtained by this route could be sintered to as high as 98% of theoretical density in under 60 min. A detailed structural investigation has been carried out using XRD, IR, and MAS NMR. It is clearly evident from the structural studies that there is a partial conversion of octahedral Al to tetrahedral Al with time during the formation of mullite. Also, it is evident that the exsolved $SiO_2$ reacts with the added $Al_2O_3$ to form secondary mullite over primary mullite which is nucleated from the decomposition of kaolinite. A detailed microstructural evolution of this conversion has been followed. A possible microwave-material interaction has been discussed for the rapid formation of mullite.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Chemistry of Materials
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/7348

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