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A chemical map of NaSICON electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries

Singh, B and Wang, Z and Park, S and Gautam, GS and Chotard, JN and Croguennec, L and Carlier, D and Cheetham, AK and Masquelier, C and Canepa, P (2021) A chemical map of NaSICON electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 9 (1). pp. 281-292.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0ta10688g


Na-ion batteries are promising devices for smart grids and electric vehicles due to the cost effectiveness arising from the overall abundance of sodium (Na) and its even geographical distribution. Among other factors, the energy density of Na-ion batteries is limited by the cathode electrode chemistry. NaSICON-based electrode materials are known for their wide range of electrochemical potentials, high ionic conductivity, and most importantly their structural and thermal stabilities. Using first-principles calculations, we chart the chemical space of 3d transition metal-based NaSICON phosphates with the formula NaxMM�(PO4)3 (with M and M� = Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co and Ni) to analyze their thermodynamic stabilities and the intercalation voltages for Na+ ions. Specifically, we compute the Na insertion voltages and related properties of 28 distinct NaSICON compositions. We investigate the thermodynamic stability of Na-intercalation in previously unreported NaxMn2(PO4)3 and NaxVCo(PO4)3. The calculated quaternary phase diagrams of the Na-P-O-Co and Na-P-O-Ni chemical systems explain the origin of the suspected instability of Ni and Co-based NaSICON compositions. From our analysis, we are also able to rationalize anomalies in previously reported experimental data in this diverse and important chemical space. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry
Keywords: Calculations; Cathodes; Chemical analysis; Cost effectiveness; Electric power transmission networks; Electrochemical electrodes; Geographical distribution; Intercalation; Iodine compounds; Manganese compounds; Metal ions; Smart power grids; Sodium-ion batteries; Sulfur compounds; Thermodynamic stability; Transition metals, 3d transition metals; Cathode electrodes; Chemical systems; Electrochemical potential; Electrode material; First-principles calculation; Insertion voltage; Intercalation voltages, Nitrogen compounds
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2021 11:07
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2021 11:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/67800

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