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Antimicrobial Application Potential of Phytoconstituents from Turmeric and Garlic

Prajapati, SK and Mishra, G and Malaiya, A and Jain, A and Mody, N and Raichur, AM (2021) Antimicrobial Application Potential of Phytoconstituents from Turmeric and Garlic. [Book Chapter]

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54027-2_12


In recent years, natural phytochemicals are gaining much attention for their antimicrobial potential. Garlic and turmeric are most widely used from the natural source, and their constituents directly or indirectly provide various health benefits, especially due to antimicrobial potential. Though the conventional antimicrobial compounds are effective against various pathogens, up till now there is a necessity of effective agents against MDR pathogens. Phytochemicals have been used for their antimicrobial potential from ancient times. These phytochemicals can work by multiple mechanisms, such as by inhibiting target modifying and drug degrading enzymes or as efflux pump inhibitors. The use of natural phytoconstituents (e.g., curcumin from turmeric and allicin from garlic) from these two medicinal plants may be an alternative strategy and can overcome the side effects associated with antibiotics or other allopathic means of treatment. A wide range of indications has revealed the therapeutic efficacy of these compounds on bacterial, viral, and fungal infections. To improve safety and efficacy, these phytoconstituents have been delivered using nanoformulations such as liposomes, hydrogels, and nanoparticles for the treatment against different bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites infections. This chapter is attempted to discuss phytochemistry, antimicrobial mechanisms, and application potential of phytoconstituents from turmeric and garlic. © 2020, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publication: Advanced Structured Materials
Series.: Advanced Structured Materials
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Additional Information: Copyright to this article belongs to Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2021 11:50
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2021 11:50
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/67519

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