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Storm characteristics and precipitation estimates of monsoonal clouds using C-band polarimetric radar over Northwest India

Sindhu, Kapil Dev and Bhat, G S (2019) Storm characteristics and precipitation estimates of monsoonal clouds using C-band polarimetric radar over Northwest India. In: THEORETICAL AND APPLIED CLIMATOLOGY, 138 (1-2). pp. 237-248.

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Official URL: http:/dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-019-02828-6

Abstract

Storm is a convective cell much smaller than a mesoscale convective system (MCS) but typically larger than a cumulonimbus cloud and heavy precipitation and lightning are often associated with it. Storms contribute major fraction of the convective precipitation in MCSs. Storm characteristics and precipitation estimates around New Delhi (28.6 degrees N, 77.2 degrees E; an Indian land location) during June-September period of the year 2013 are reported here using data of C-band polarimetric Doppler weather radar. Storms, defined based on radar reflectivity thresholds (30 dBZ for simple storms and 40 dBZ for intense storms), are tracked and their properties are extracted. Our results show that about 80% of storms exist for 1 h or less. The areas of 90% of simple storms are less than 100 km(2) and the largest area averaged over storm lifespan does not exceed 400 km(2). The majority of storms (> 80%) move with speeds less than 30 km h(-1). About 60-65% of simple/intense storms have echo top heights between 6 and 10 km, while only few of them exceed 17 km. The values of average thickness of simple and intense storms lie between similar to 2-10 and similar to 1-7 km, respectively. It is not the vertical extent of a storm but its area-time integral that correlates better with the total precipitation amount. Around the New Delhi area, daily accumulated precipitation derived from relations incorporating polarimetric variables is in good agreement with the rain gauge measurements while that obtained from relations based on radar reflectivity factor (Z(h)) alone highly underestimates precipitation. This suggests that polarimetric capability is needed in Doppler weather radars to get the realistic precipitation estimates. The mean precipitation water content derived from Z(h) (similar to 0.96 g m(-3)) is about 30-40% less compared to that derived from polarimetric relations. Our findings on storm properties have implications for cloud parameterizations and in short-term weather forecasting.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to SPRINGER WIEN
Keywords: CONVECTIVE CELLS; TRACKING; IDENTIFICATION; DISTRIBUTIONS; INDICATOR; ALGORITHM; SYSTEMS
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2019 11:37
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2019 11:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63981

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