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Molecular evolution of single chain fragment variable (scFv) for diagnosis of lymphatic filariasis

Mahalakshmi, Natarajan and Ravishankaran, Rajendran and Kamatchi, Ramakrishnan and Sangith, Nikhil and Kaliraj, Perumal and Meenakshisundaram, Sankaranarayanan (2019) Molecular evolution of single chain fragment variable (scFv) for diagnosis of lymphatic filariasis. In: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS, 46 (5). pp. 5409-5418.

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Official URL: http:/dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-019-04995-1

Abstract

Endemic countries with lymphatic filariasis are striving towards the Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) by 2020. Efficient and cost-effective diagnostic tools to assess active filarial infection are critical to eradicate lymphatic filariasis. Detection of circulating filarial antigens in sera is one of the precise methods to identify this infection. Monoclonal antibodies and single chain fragment variable (scFv) against Wuchereria bancrofti antigen SXP1 have been developed for antigen detection. Molecular cloning of scFv for recombinant expression has laid a platform for developing novel genetic constructs with enhanced reactivity. In this study, a simple procedure is developed to create diverse libraries of scFv based on a single DNA framework with all the requisites for an in vitro protein synthesis and ribosomal display. Error Prone-PCR was performed to incorporate random mutations and screened by ribosome display technique to isolate evolved scFv. Evolved scFv with six mutations showed tenfold increase in affinity compared to wild-type scFv for rWbSXP1. In silico studies showed that four mutations introduced unique molecular interactions between the evolved scFv and SXP1. Reactivity with asserted clinical samples of endemic normals (EN), microfilariaemic (MF), chronic pathology (CP) and non-endemic normals (NEN) showed significant augment (59.69%, p < 0.0001) in reactivity to MF samples with evolved scFv in comparison to wild-type scFv. Sensitivity of scFv was increased from 15.62 ng to 195 pg by evolved scFv in serum samples. This evolutionary method coupled with ribosome display has facilitated us to improve the reactivity of the ScFv without diminishing the specificity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to SPRINGER
Keywords: scFv; Detection; Lymphatic filariasis; Ribosome display
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2019 10:41
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2019 10:41
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63971

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