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Effect of dimensionality on the vortex dynamics in a type-II superconductor

Kundu, Hemanta Kumar and Amin, Kazi Rafsanjani and Jesudasan, John and Raychaudhuri, Pratap and Mukerjee, Subroto and Bid, Aveek (2019) Effect of dimensionality on the vortex dynamics in a type-II superconductor. In: PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 100 (17).

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Official URL: http:/dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.100.174501

Abstract

We explore the effects of sample dimensionality on vortex pinning in a type-II, low-T-C, s-wave superconductor, NbN, in the presence of a perpendicular magnetic field, H. We find significant differences in the phase diagrams in the magnetic field-temperature plane between three-dimensional (3D) and 2D NbN films. The differences are most striking close to the normal-superconductor phase transition. We establish that these variances have their origin in the differing pinning properties in two different dimensions. We obtain the pinning strength quantitatively in both the dimensions from two independent transport measurements performed in two different regimes of vortex motion: (i) thermally assisted flux-flow regime and (ii) flux flow regime. Both the measurements consistently show that both the pinning potential and the zero-field free-energy barrier to depinning in the 3D superconductor are at least an order of magnitude stronger than that in the 2D superconductor. Further, we probed the dynamics of pinning in both 2D and 3D superconductor through voltage fluctuation spectroscopy. We find that the mechanism of vortex pinning-depinning is qualitatively similar for the 3D and 2D superconductors. The voltage-fluctuations arising from vortex motion are found to be correlated only in the 2D superconductor. We establish this to be due to the presence of long-range phase fluctuations near the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless-type superconducting transition in 2D superconductors.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Keywords: KOSTERLITZ-THOULESS TRANSITION; HIGH-TC SUPERCONDUCTORS; PHASE-TRANSITIONS; FLUX LATTICES; GLASS PHASES; MOTION; VORTICES; FLUCTUATIONS; DESTRUCTION; LIQUID
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 10:20
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2019 10:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63947

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