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Fluctuation relations for flow-driven trapped colloids and implications for related polymeric systems

Ghosal, Aishani and Cherayil, Binny J (2019) Fluctuation relations for flow-driven trapped colloids and implications for related polymeric systems. In: EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL B, 92 (11).

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Official URL: http:/dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjb/e2019-100376-0

Abstract

This paper is a theoretical study of the stochastic thermodynamics of a single, optically trapped particle that is initially in equilibrium at temperature T and is then subjected to a steady 2D extensional flow. Specifically, it is an attempt to show how fluctuation theorems arise in systems governed by thermal noise and the opposing effects of harmonic confinement and hydrodynamic driving. Among the paper's findings are the following: (i) that at long times, following the imposition of the flow, the system settles into an equilibrium stationary state that obeys detailed balance and that is characterized by an effective Boltzmann potential, such that the free energy change Delta F between the initial and final states is determined by the ratio of the corresponding partition functions, (ii) that the work done in the process w and the accompanying change in total entropy of system and surroundings, Delta S-tot, both satisfy fluctuation theorems, the first the Jarzynski equality ⟨e(-w/kBT)⟩ = e(-Delta F/kBT), and the second the integral fluctuation theorem, ⟨e(-Delta Stot/kB)⟩ = 1, and (iii) that under a frame-invariant version of thermodynamics used to describe flow-driven particle motion, the work done W satisfies the Bochkov-Kuzovlev relation, ⟨e(-W/kBT)⟩ = 1, while the associated total entropy change continues to satisfy the integral fluctuation theorem. These results have an immediate bearing on prior results from this lab on the dynamics of flow-driven polymers; in particular, they highlight the need to revise a number of our earlier conclusions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belong to SPRINGER
Keywords: Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2019 10:04
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2019 10:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63937

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