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Variation of the donor and acceptor in D-A-pi-A based cyanopyridine dyes and its effect on dye sensitized solar cells

Hemavathi, B and Jayadev, V and Ramamurthy, Praveen C and Pai, Ranjith Krishna and Unni, Narayanan K N and Ahipa, T N and Soman, Suraj and Balakrishna, R Geetha (2019) Variation of the donor and acceptor in D-A-pi-A based cyanopyridine dyes and its effect on dye sensitized solar cells. In: NEW JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, 43 (39). pp. 15673-15680.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1039/c9nj03460a

Abstract

Two metal free organic dyes (TPCTh and TPCRh) with D-A-pi-A configuration, having 3-cyanopyridine as an auxiliary acceptor and thiophene pi-linkers along with a triphenylamine donor and cyanoacetic acid/rhodanine-3-acetic acid anchoring groups, were successfully synthesized and utilized as sensitizers in the fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The opto-electronic properties of TPCTh and TPCRh were compared with the model sensitizer CCTh having carbazole as the donor and cyanoacetic acid as the anchoring group. Both the dyes showed red shifted absorption spectra compared to the standard CCTh dye. Also, TPCRh showed a broader absorption spectrum with a reduced band gap compared to TPCTh. However, theoretical studies indicate that the unavailability of excited state conjugation over the anchoring group could lead to restricted charge injection for the TPCRh dye, whereas the TPCTh dye exhibits complete conjugation over the entire molecule. The photovoltaic performance of the TPCTh dye was found to be better compared with the standard CCTh sensitizer as a result of better absorption contributed by the lower band gap in TPCTh leading to improved photon-light conversion and thus an improved J(sc) of 11 mA cm(-2) over the 7.12 mA cm(-2) of CCTh. In addition, lifetime measurements corroborated a lower electron lifetime for TPCRh compared to TPCTh and CCTh.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Keywords: ORGANIC-DYES; RECOMBINATION DYNAMICS; ELECTRON INJECTION; ANCHORING GROUPS; PORPHYRIN DYES; UNIT; PERFORMANCE; COBALT; DSCS
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2019 11:26
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2019 11:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63821

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