ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Average-case linear matrix factorization and reconstruction of low width algebraic branching programs

Kayal, Neeraj and Nair, Vineet and Saha, Chandan (2019) Average-case linear matrix factorization and reconstruction of low width algebraic branching programs. In: COMPUTATIONAL COMPLEXITY, 28 (4). pp. 749-828.

[img] PDF
com_com_28-4_749_2019.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (840kB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00037-019-00189-0


A matrix X is called a linear matrix if its entries are affine forms, i.e., degree one polynomials in n variables. What is a minimalsized representation of a given matrix F as a product of linearmatrices? Finding such a minimal representation is closely related to finding an optimal way to compute a given polynomial via an algebraic branching program. Herewe devise an efficient algorithm for an average-case version of this problem. Specifically, given w, d, n. N and blackbox access to the w2 entries of a matrix product F = X1 Xd, where each Xi is a w x w linear matrix over a given finite field Fq, we wish to recover a factorization F = Y1 Yd , where every Yi is also a linear matrix over Fq (or a small extension of Fq). We show that when the input F is sampled from a distribution defined by choosing random linear matrices X1,..., Xd over Fq independently and taking their product and n = 4w2 and char(Fq) = (dn)O(1), then an equivalent factorization F = Y1 Yd can be recovered in (randomized) time (dn log q)O(1). In fact, we give a (worst-case) polynomial time randomized algorithm to factor any non-degenerate or pure matrix product (a notion we define in the paper) into linear matrices; a matrix product F = X1 Xd is pure with high probability when the Xi's are chosen independently at random. We also show that in this situation, ifwe are instead given a single entry of F rather than its w2 correlated entries, then the recovery can be done in (randomized) time (d(w3) n log q)(O(1)).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to SPRINGER BASEL AG
Keywords: Algebraic branching programs; equivalence testing; matrix factorization; pseudorandom polynomial families
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Computer Science & Automation
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2019 09:59
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2019 09:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63801

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item