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Alluaudite NaCoFe2(PO4)(3) as a 2.9 V Cathode for Sodium-Ion Batteries Exhibiting Bifunctional Electrocatalytic Activity

Dwibedi, Debasmita and Gond, Ritambhara and Barpanda, Prabeer (2019) Alluaudite NaCoFe2(PO4)(3) as a 2.9 V Cathode for Sodium-Ion Batteries Exhibiting Bifunctional Electrocatalytic Activity. In: CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 31 (18). pp. 7501-7509.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b02220

Abstract

Developing novel earth-abundant and high energy density cathode materials is pivotal to realize the enduring energy storage revolution. Alluaudites NaxMy(XO4)(3) (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni; X = Mo, W, P, As, S), as a competent series of sodium insertion cathode contenders, have attracted wide scientific attention in recent years due to their unique open framework geometry, structural flexibility, scalable synthesis, and desirable electro- chemical performance. Exploring the alluaudite family of sodium insertion systems, we herein present a hitherto unknown NaCoFe2(PO4)(3) alluaudite prepared by an economic solution combustion technique. Rietveld analysis of powder X-ray diffraction pattern identified the formation of alluaudite-type monoclinic C-2/c phase with a = 11.750(3) angstrom, b = 12.459(1) angstrom, c = 6.383(3) angstrom, and unique angle beta = 113.711(7)degrees. As confirmed by bond valence site energy calculations, the structure renders two distinct tunnels: Na(1) and Na(2), for the one-dimensional migration of Nat ions along the c-direction. Computational modeling revealed a migration barrier of E-a similar to 0.31 eV for Na(2), which is one of the lowest values for Na+- conducting materials. Preliminary electrochemical study on the as-synthesized NaCoFe2 (PO4)(3) alluaudite exhibited reversible sodium intercalation involving a 2.9 V Fe3+/Fe2+ redox activity delivering capacity similar to 70 mAh/g with good cyclability over 100 cycles. Taking advantage of transition metal active centers and PO4 linkage, NaCoFe2(PO4)(3) further showed efficient bifunctional electrocatalytic activity with near four electron transfer reaction. With favorable diffusional and electrochemical performance, the discovery of alluaudite NaCoFe2(PO4)(3) introduces a novel 3 V class of cathode for sodium-ion batteries. It not only enriches the materials database of sodium insertion compounds, but also enables its possible application in metal-air batteries and water splitting.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2019 12:06
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2019 12:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63770

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