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Visible light-induced cytotoxicity studies on Co(ii) complexes having an anthracene-based curcuminoid ligand

Das, Dhananjay and Banaspati, Atrayee and Das, Namisha and Bora, Bidisha and Raza, Md Kausar and Goswami, Tridib K (2019) Visible light-induced cytotoxicity studies on Co(ii) complexes having an anthracene-based curcuminoid ligand. In: DALTON TRANSACTIONS, 48 (34). pp. 12933-12942.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9dt01576k

Abstract

Herein, two ternary cobalt(ii) complexes, namely Co(9-accm)(phen)(2)](OAc) (1) and Co(9-accm)(dppz)(2)](OAc) (2), where 9-accmH is 1,7-(di-9-anthracene-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione), phen is 1,10-phenanthroline and dppz is dipyrido3,2-a:2 `,3 `-c]phenazine, having an anthracene-based curcuminoid and phenanthroline bases were synthesized and fully characterized, and their in vitro photocytotoxicities were studied in cancer cells. To understand the role of the curcuminoid ligand 9-accm in photo-activated cytotoxicity, two control complexes, viz. Co(dbm)(phen)(2)](OAc) (3) and Co(dbm)(dppz)(2)](OAc) (4), where dbmH is 1,3-diphenyl-1,3-propanedione (dibenzoylmethane), were prepared and used for the control experiments. Complex 3 was structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. The complexes displayed a quasi-reversible Co(i)/Co(ii) redox couple at similar to-1.1 V and an irreversible Co(ii)/Co(iii) couple at similar to 1.3 V vs. Ag/AgCl in DMF-0.1 M (Bu4N)-N-n](ClO4). Highly intense 9-accm ligand-centred bands were observed at similar to 250-450 nm, which masked the Co(ii)-based weak d-d bands in the DMF-Tris-HCl buffer (1 : 9 v/v). The complexes displayed a significant binding propensity for calf-thymus (ct) DNA with binding constants in the range from (2.42 +/- 0.10) x 10(5) to (3.24 +/- 0.13) x 10(6) M-1. They also showed a moderate binding affinity for human serum albumin (HSA), displaying K-b values in the order of similar to 10(4)-10(5) M-1. The complexes 1 and 2 showed prodigious photoenhanced cytotoxicity in human cervical cancer (HeLa) and breast cancer (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) cells with low dark toxicity, whereas they were non-toxic to immortalized lung epithelial normal cells (HPL1D). Flow cytometric studies showed a time-dependent uptake of the complexes 1 and 2 in HeLa cells. The complexes generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) upon excitation with low energy visible light, thereby killing the cancer cells. The results from DAPI staining, AO/EB dual staining and Annexin-V-FITC experiments suggested that the complexes induce cell death primarily via an apoptotic mechanism in HeLa cells.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2019 12:02
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2019 12:02
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63618

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