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Dietary CCPS from bitter gourd attenuates sodium arsenite induced female reproductive ailments cum infertility in wistar rats: anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic role

Perveen, Hasina and Dey, Arindam and Nilavar, Namrata M and Chandra, Goutam Kumar and Islam, Syed Sirajul and Chattopadhy, Sandip (2019) Dietary CCPS from bitter gourd attenuates sodium arsenite induced female reproductive ailments cum infertility in wistar rats: anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic role. In: FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY, 131 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2019.05.053

Abstract

This investigation explored a dietary therapy of pectic polysaccharide (CCPS) (2 mg/ Kg BW) against female repro-toxicity and infertility triggered by sodium arsenite (M3+) (10 mg/ Kg BW) in Wistar rats. The isolated CCPS consists of D-galactose and D-methyl galacturonate with a molar ratio of 1: 4. FTIR spectral analysis of CCPS and CCPS- sodium arsenite (As3+) complex indicated a possible chelating property of CCPS in presence of binding sites (OH-/COOH) for As3+. Series of negatively charged galacturonate residues in CCPS provide better potential for cation chelation. CCPS significantly mitigated As3+ induced ovarian, uterine lipid peroxidation, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by the restoration of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities. CCPS post-treatment enhanced ovarian steroidogenesis along with a restoration of normal tissue histoarchitecture in As3+ fed rats by regulating the estradiol receptor alpha (ER-alpha). CCPS suppressed anti-inflammatory properties effectively found since a down-regulation of NF-kappa B (NF-kappa B), pro-inflammatory tumor necrosis-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were observed in arsenicated rats with CCPS. This study confirmed the up-regulation of uterine pro-apoptotic/ apoptotic proteins caspase-3, poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), phospho p53 and Box, followed by downregulation of Bcl-2 and protein Kinase B (AKT) signaling pathway along with uterine tissue regeneration in As3+ exposed rats. Oral CCPS attenuated the above apoptotic expressional changes significantly and dietary CCPS ensured successful fertility with the birth of healthy pups in lieu of infertile condition in As3+ fed rats. Moreover, this study also supports that CCPS treatment attenuated the As3+ toxicity by modulating the S-adenosine methionine (SAM) pool components, B-12, folate and homocysteine.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Keywords: Arsenic; CCPS; Fertility and akt signaling
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2020 10:59
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2020 10:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63590

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