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A novel impedance sensing approach for precise electromechanical characterization of cells

Mahesh, Karthik and Varma, Manoj M and Sen, Prosenjit (2019) A novel impedance sensing approach for precise electromechanical characterization of cells. In: JOURNAL OF MICROMECHANICS AND MICROENGINEERING, 29 (11).

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6439/ab38fc

Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrate a microfluidic impedance spectroscopy platform that simultaneously probes two important biophysical parameters of cells-one, their electrical properties and two, their mechanical properties. Instead of using a high-speed camera for estimation of mechanical properties (deformability) of cells, we present a new design where deformability is estimated using the time difference (transit time) between the generation of electrical signals. The concept was validated using chemically stiffened erythrocytes. The presented design also involves a novel flow correction technique that was developed to negate the errors arising from flow rate fluctuations in such devices, resulting in rapid and error-free data acquisition. Using this platform, we further investigate changes in deformability and cellular properties of lymphocytes in diabetic patients by comparing them with healthy volunteers. Results from testing >9000 cells in each population suggest significant changes in properties of diabetic lymphocytes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Keywords: microfluidics; microelectrodes; deformability; impedance; blood; diabetes; lymphocyte
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber Physical Systems
Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2019 09:57
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2019 09:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63574

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