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Diplatinum(II) Catecholate of Photoactive Boron-Dipyrromethene for Lysosome-Targeted Photodynamic Therapy in Red Light

Ramu, Vanitha and Gautam, Srishti and Kondaiah, Paturu and Chakravarty, Akhil R (2019) Diplatinum(II) Catecholate of Photoactive Boron-Dipyrromethene for Lysosome-Targeted Photodynamic Therapy in Red Light. In: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 58 (14). pp. 9067-9075.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b00567

Abstract

The binuclear platinum(II) boron-dipyrromethene (BODIPY) complex {Pt(dach)}(2)(mu-Dcrb)] (DP), where dach is 1,2-diaminocyclohexane and H(4)Dcrb is a morpholine-conjugated BODIPY-linked dicatechol bridging ligand, was prepared for lysosome organelle targeting and near-IR (NIR) light (600-720 nm) induced photocytotoxic activity. The platinum complex Pt(dach)(cat)] (CP), where H(2)cat is catechol, was synthesized and used as a control complex without bearing the BODIPY unit. The complex DP displayed a band at 660 nm (epsilon = 2.1 X 10(4) M-1 cm(-1)) in the red region of the UV visible spectrum recorded in 10% dimethyl sulfoxide/Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium (DMSO/DMEM, pH 7.2). The complex DP and the BODIPY ligand displayed emission in 10% DMSO DMEM (pH 7.2) giving an lambda(em) value of 668 nm (lambda(ex) = 650 nm) with a Phi(F) value of 0.02 for DP and 0.16 for H(4)Dcrb (Phi(F), fluorescence quantum yield). Titration experiments using 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran (DPBF) indicated that the complex DP and H(4)Dcrb on irradiation with near-IR light of 600-720 nm generated singlet oxygen (O-1(2)) as the ROS (reactive oxygen species). The complex DP showed significant lysosomal localization and remarkable apoptotic photodynamic therapy (PDT) effects, giving half-maximal inhibitory concentration values (IC50) within 0.6-3.4 mu M in HeLa cervical cancer, A549 lung cancer, and MDA-MB231 multidrug resistant cancer cells, while being essentially nontoxic in the dark and in the HPL1D immortalized lung epithelial normal cells. The acridine orange assay using A549 cells showed lysosomal membrane permeabilization by the complex DP under near-IR light (600-720 nm). This complex on near-IR light (600-720 nm) activation in A549 cells induced apoptotic cell death, as observed from an Annexin-V FITC assay.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2019 11:22
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2019 11:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63463

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