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Time-reversal symmetry breaking in topological superconductor Sr0.1Bi2Se3

Neha, P and Biswas, PK and Das, Tanmoy and Patnaik, S (2019) Time-reversal symmetry breaking in topological superconductor Sr0.1Bi2Se3. In: PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS, 3 (7).

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.0742...

Abstract

The single helical Fermi surface on the surface state of three-dimensional topological insulator Bi2Se3 is constrained by the time-reversal invariant bulk topology to possess a spin-singlet superconducting pairing symmetry. In fact, the Cu-doped and pressure-tuned superconducting Bi2Se3 show no evidence of the time-reversal symmetry (TRS) breaking. We report on the detection of the TRS breaking in the topological superconductor Sr0.1Bi2Se3, probed by zero-field mu SR measurements. The TRS breaking provides strong evidence for the existence of a spin-triplet pairing state. The existence of TRS breaking is also verified by longitudinal-field mu SR measurements, which negates the possibility of magnetic impurities as the source of TRS breaking. The temperature-dependent superfluid density deduced from transverse-field mu SR measurements yields nodeless superconductivity with low superconducting carrier density and penetration depth lambda = 1622(134) nm. From the microscopic theory of unconventional pairing, we find that such a fully gapped spin-triplet pairing channel is promoted by the complex interplay between the structural hexagonal warping and higher order Dresselhaus spinorbit-coupling terms. Based on Ginzburg-Landau analysis, we delineate the mixing of singlet- to triplet-pairing symmetry as the chemical potential is tuned far above from the Dirac cone. Our observation of such spontaneous TRS breaking chiral superconductivity on a helical surface state, protected by the TRS invariant bulk topology, can open avenues for interesting research and applications.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2019 05:42
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2019 05:42
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63420

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