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lncRNA HULC facilitates efficient loading of HCV-core protein onto lipid droplets and subsequent virus-particle release

Sharma, Geetika and Tripathi, Sachin Kumar and Das, Saumitra (2019) lncRNA HULC facilitates efficient loading of HCV-core protein onto lipid droplets and subsequent virus-particle release. In: CELLULAR MICROBIOLOGY .

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cmi.13086

Abstract

The cellular lipid pool plays a central role in hepatitis C virus (HCV) life cycle, from establishing infection to virus propagation. Here, we show that a liver abundant long noncoding RNA, highly upregulated in liver carcinoma (HULC), is upregulated during HCV infection and manipulates the lipid pool to favour virus life cycle. Interestingly, HULC was found to be crucial for the increase in number of lipid droplets in infected cells. This effect was attributed to the role of HULC in lipid biogenesis. Further, we demonstrated that HULC knockdown decreases the association of HCV-core protein with lipid droplets. This exhibited a direct consequence on the release of HCV particles. The role of HULC in HCV-particle release was further substantiated by additional knockdown and mutation experiments. Additionally, we found that increased level of HULC in HCV-infected cells was a result of Retinoid X Receptor Alpha (RXRA)-mediated transcription, which seemed to be aided by HCV-core protein. Taken together, the results identify a distinct role of long noncoding RNA HULC in lipid dynamics during HCV infection, which provides new insights into the complex process of HCV propagation and pathogenesis.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to WILEY
Keywords: HCV replication; HCV RNA; hepatitis C virus; host-virus interaction
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2020 10:17
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2020 10:17
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63363

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