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Chemoselective Reduction of Imines Catalyzed by Ruthenium(II) Half-Sandwich Complexes: A Mechanistic Study

Reshi, Noor U Din and Kathuria, Lakshay and Samuelson, Ashoka G (2019) Chemoselective Reduction of Imines Catalyzed by Ruthenium(II) Half-Sandwich Complexes: A Mechanistic Study. In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (24). pp. 2947-2955.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejic.201900455

Abstract

Ruthenium half-sandwich complexes ligated to chiral 2-oxazolidinethiones or 2-thiozolidinethiones in the reduction of N-benzylideneaniline using silyl hydrides as reductants has been examined. The chemoselective reduction of imines takes place under mild conditions to afford the corresponding amines in nearly quantitative yield. Mechanistic studies indicate that dissociation of the ancillary ligands generate the active catalyst in all the complexes studied, which is the same species generated by Ru(p-cymene)(Cl)(2)](2) under the reaction conditions. This results in the formation of a single catalytic species irrespective of the starting half-sandwich complex. Detailed mechanistic studies involving trapping of intermediates, in situ studies using mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy were carried out using the active catalyst generated by Ru(p-cymene)(Cl)(2)](2). The mechanism of the reaction is dependent on the number of the hydrogen atoms in the reducing silane. The reaction proceeds via Gade-Hoffman pathway or Zheng-Chan pathway when a dihydro or trihydrosilane is the reductant. However, the use of a monohydrosilane, leads to longer reaction times presumably due to a change in the reaction pathway.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Keywords: Reduction; Hydrosilylation; Silyl hydrides; Ruthenium; Imines
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2019 09:13
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2019 09:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63315

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