ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Deposition of Ni-NiO nanoparticles on the reduced graphene oxide filled polypyrrole: evaluation as cathode catalyst in microbial fuel cells

Pattanayak, Prasanta and Papiya, Farhan and kumar, Vikash and Pramanik, Nilkamal and Kundu, Patit Paban (2019) Deposition of Ni-NiO nanoparticles on the reduced graphene oxide filled polypyrrole: evaluation as cathode catalyst in microbial fuel cells. In: SUSTAINABLE ENERGY & FUELS, 3 (7). pp. 1808-1826.

[img] PDF
sus_ene_fue_3-7_1808_2019.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (2MB) | Request a copy
[img]
Preview
PDF
c9se00055k1.pdf - Published Supplemental Material

Download (334kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9se00055k

Abstract

Herein, we fabricated the in situ polymerization of pyrrole (Py) on reduced graphene oxide (rGO), formulated as a nanocomposite support matrix for the deposition of nickel-nickel oxide (Ni-NiO) nanoparticles (NPs), as a cost-effective cathode catalyst for application in microbial fuel cells. In the presence of an oxidant, pyrrole (Py) monomers were electrostatically adsorbed over the negatively charged rGO sheet, where the pi-pi interactions among the Py monomers resulted in its polymerization as polypyrrole (PPy). The synergistic effects of components of the support matrix resulted in durable electrocatalytic activity for the ORR in the prepared Ni-NiO/PPy-rGO composite in neutral media. The prepared composites were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), UV spectroscopy, Raman spectrometry (RAMAN), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and the results confirmed the presence of Ni+ and Ni2+ ions in the synthesized nanocomposites. In addition, nickel-nickel oxide (Ni-NiO) nanoparticles (NPs) were homogeneously dispersed over this PPy-rGO sheet during their deposition through field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Also, the synthesized nanocomposites, i.e., Ni-NiO/PPy-rGO (70 : 30), were electrochemically analyzed using cyclic voltammetric (CV), chronoamperometric (CA) and impedance spectroscopic (EIS) techniques to highlight its stability and efficacy as a nanocatalyst. In comparison with the conventional Pt/C catalyst (reduction potential at 0.521 V with -0.204 mA current), the superior stability and electrocatalytic activities of Ni-NiO/PPy-rGO (reduction potential of 0.535 V at -0.235 mA current) were observed via CV in the enhanced oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). In the microbial fuel cell (MFC), the cost-effective Ni-NiO/PPy-rGO nanocatalyst exhibited a higher current density and power density of 2134.56 mA m(-2) and similar to 678.79 +/- 34 mW m(-2) in comparison to the commercial Pt/C catalyst (1788.2 mA m(-2) and similar to 481.02 +/- 24 mW m(-2)). Thus, overall, the present study illustrates the preparation and characterization, efficacy and electro-active stability of Ni-NiO/PPy-rGO as a cost-effective nanohybrid catalyst in single chambered MFCs during the ORR.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Keywords: OXYGEN REDUCTION REACTION; IMPROVED ELECTRICITY-GENERATION; WASTE-WATER TREATMENT; POWER-GENERATION; NANOCOMPOSITE MEMBRANE; ELECTRODE MATERIALS; SEPARATING BARRIER; FACILE FABRICATION; SULFONATED STYRENE; POLYVINYL-ALCOHOL
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2019 10:42
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2019 10:42
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63262

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item