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Numerical and Experimental Studies of Parasitic Heat Losses in Coldfinger of a Pulse Tube Cryocooler in Off-State Condition

Thota, Srikanth and Srikantaiah, Gurudath C and Padmanabhan, Padmanabhan and Akkimaradi, Basavaraj S and Ambirajan, Amrit and Narasimham, GSVL (2019) Numerical and Experimental Studies of Parasitic Heat Losses in Coldfinger of a Pulse Tube Cryocooler in Off-State Condition. In: HEAT TRANSFER ENGINEERING, 40 (11). pp. 959-970.

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1080/01457632.2018.1446892

Abstract

A pulse tube cryocooler (PTC) for future metrological satellites has been developed at one of the lead centers of the Indian Space Research Organisation in Bangalore, India for cooling on-board Infrared (IR) detectors to 80 K.A study has been conducted on the coldfinger of PTC to understand the off-state heat loads on the cooler by varying the value of gravity numerically in ANSYS FLUENT and experimentally by orienting the setup with respect to gravity. The off-state parasitic losses represent a major heat load in on-board applications that include redundant, viz. nonoperating coolers. To find out the amount of off-state parasitic heat losses in a nonoperating coldfinger of the PTC experimentally, transient warm-up technique was used. Various heat loads were applied experimentally on the cryo-tip at temperatures ranging from 80 to 100 K for determining the parasitic losses. The effect of orientation of PTC on the off-state parasitic heat load with respect to gravity is studied and presented in this paper. Enhancement due to free convection heat flow normalized by gas molecular conduction in pulse tube is analyzed using computational fluid dynamics to verify and compare with experimental results. The best orientation angle where the parasitic is low is when the cold end of the coldfinger of pulse tube cryocooler faces down (0A degrees) and high when the cold end of the coldfinger is oriented to 135A degrees.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2019 05:25
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2019 05:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63112

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