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Protein functionalised self assembled monolayer based biosensor for colon cancer detection

Narayan, Tarun and Kumar, Saurabh and Kumar, Suveen and Augustine, Shine and Yadav, B K and Malhotra, Bansi D (2019) Protein functionalised self assembled monolayer based biosensor for colon cancer detection. In: TALANTA, 201 . pp. 465-473.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2019.04.039

Abstract

We report results of the studies relating to the fabrication of a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based label-free immunosensor for real-time monitoring of endothelin-1 (ET-1), a colon cancer biomarker. A gold disk modified with a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (11-MUA) was functionalised via covalent immobilization of monoclonal anti-ET-1 antibodies using EDC-NHS (1-(3-(dimethylamine)-propyl)-3ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride, N-hydroxy succinimide) chemistry. This immunosensing platform (ethanolamine/anti-ET-1/11-MUA/Au) was characterized via atomic force microscopy (AFM), contact angle (CA) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-1R) spectroscopic techniques. The fabricated SPR electrode was further used to detect ET-1 in the broad concentration range 2-100 pg mL(-1), with a detection limit of 0.30 pg mL(-1) and remarkable sensitivity of 2.18 m degrees pg(-1)mL. The adsorption mechanism was studied using monophasic model and the values of association (k(a)) and dissociation (k(d)) constants for anti-ET-1 and ET-1 binding were calculated to be 4.4 +/- 0.4 x 10(5) M-1 s(-1) and 2.04 +/- 0.0003 x 10(-3) s(-1), respectively. The results obtained via analysis of serum samples of colorectal cancer patients were found to be in good agreement with those obtained from enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. Further, electrochemical studies were performed to prove the efficacy of the fabricated platform as a point of care device for the detection of ET-1.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Keywords: Cancer biomarker; Endothelin-1; Biosensor; Surface plasmon resonance; Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2019 06:21
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2019 06:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63106

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