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From Quantum Chemistry to Networks in Biology: A Graph Spectral Approach to Protein Structure Analyses

Gadiyaram, Vasundhara and Vishveshwara, Smitha and Vishveshwara, Saraswathi (2019) From Quantum Chemistry to Networks in Biology: A Graph Spectral Approach to Protein Structure Analyses. In: JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL INFORMATION AND MODELING, 59 (5, SI). pp. 1715-1727.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/ 10.1021/acs.jcim.9b00002

Abstract

In this perspective article, we present a multi-disciplinary approach for characterizing protein structure networks. We first place our approach in its historical context and describe the manner in which it synthesizes concepts from quantum chemistry, biology of polymer conformations, matrix mathematics, and percolation theory. We then explicitly provide the method for constructing the protein structure network in terms of non-covalently interacting amino acid side chains and show how a mine of information can be obtained from the graph spectra of these networks. Employing suitable mathematical approaches, such as the use of a weighted, Laplacian matrix to generate the spectra, enables us to develop rigorous methods for network comparison and to identify crucial nodes responsible for the network integrity through a perturbation approach. Our scoring methods have several applications in structural biology that are elusive to conventional methods of analyses. Here, we discuss the instances of (a) protein structure comparison that includes the details of side chain connectivity, (b) contribution to node clustering as a function of bound ligand, explaining the global effect of local changes in phenomena such as allostery, and (c) identification of crucial amino acids for structural integrity, derived purely from the spectra of the graph. We demonstrate how our method enables us to obtain valuable information on key proteins involved in cellular functions and diseases such as GPCR and HIV protease and discuss the biological implications. We then briefly describe how concepts from percolation theory further augment our analyses. In our concluding perspective for future developments, we suggest a further unifying approach to protein structure analyses and a judicious choice of questions to employ our methods for larger, more complex networks, such as metabolic and disease networks.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL INFORMATION AND MODELING
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Mathematics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2019 17:59
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2019 17:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63072

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