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Toughening of high performance tetrafunctional epoxy with poly(allyl amine) grafted graphene oxide

Sahu, Megha and Raichur, Ashok M (2019) Toughening of high performance tetrafunctional epoxy with poly(allyl amine) grafted graphene oxide. In: COMPOSITES PART B-ENGINEERING, 168 . pp. 15-24.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.12.030

Abstract

The mechanical and thermal properties of epoxy composites were improved by using poly (allyl amine) (PAA) grafted graphene oxide (GO) as a toughening agent. The GO was first converted to GO-COOH where all the hydroxyl groups on the basal plane were converted to COOH containing groups. GO-COOH was reacted with PAA to yield GO-g-PAA. The effect of PAA grafted GO nanosheets as fillers on mechanical and thermal properties of aerospace grade epoxy was studied. Epoxy nanocomposites containing graphene oxide (GO) and GO-g-PAA nanosheets were fabricated by incorporating 0.35 to 1.4 wt% of filler. GO-g-PAA modified epoxy nanocomposites showed excellent improvement in flexural, compression and fracture properties compared to neat epoxy and GO modified epoxy. Fracture toughness increased from 0.94 MPa m to 1/2 for neat epoxy to 1.75 MPa m-1/2 (87%) for epoxy nanocomposites modified with 0.7 wt% of GO-g-PAA nanosheets. The temperature for 5% weight loss showed drastic improvement of 24 degrees C for epoxy nanocomposites modified with 0.7 wt% of GO-g-PAA nanosheets. The examination of fractured surfaces of modified epoxy nanocomposites showed better interaction of GO-g-PAA nanosheets with epoxy compared to GO nanosheets.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to COMPOSITES PART B-ENGINEERING
Keywords: Polymer-matrix composites; Fracture toughness; Thermosetting resin; Nano-structures
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2019 15:05
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2019 15:05
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/63028

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