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Understanding the Chemical Nature of the Buried Nanostructures in Low Thermal Conductive Sb-Doped SnTe by Variable-Energy Photoelectron Spectroscopy

Haque, Anamul and Banik, Ananya and Varma, Rahul Mahavir and Sarkar, Indranil and Biswas, Kanishka and Santra, Pralay K (2019) Understanding the Chemical Nature of the Buried Nanostructures in Low Thermal Conductive Sb-Doped SnTe by Variable-Energy Photoelectron Spectroscopy. In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 123 (16). pp. 10272-10279.

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Official URL: https:/dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b01081

Abstract

Nanoprecipitates embedded in a matrix of thermoelectric materials decrease the lattice thermal conductivity significantly by extensive heat carrying phonon scattering. Recently, two-dimensional layered intergrowth nanostructures of SnmSb2nTe3n+m embedded in SnTe matrix have provided record low lattice thermal conductivity in SnTe, but an understanding of the chemical nature of these layered nanostructures is still not clear. Herein, we studied the chemical nature of the intergrowth nanostructures of a series Sb-doped SnTe by variable-energy X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy at synchrotron, which is well known to probe buried interfaces and embedded nanostructures. The primary oxidation states of Sb, Sn, and Te in these intergrowth structures are found to be in +3, +2, and -2, respectively, which is expected from the composition. However, both the Sn and Sb are found to be slightly oxidized in the surface. From the intensity variation with photon energy, we have found a thin layer of SnO2 (similar to 4.5 nm) on the sample surfaces and the thickness decreases with Sb doping. Te is also found in 0 oxidation states, which corroborates with the variation of Sn vacancies with Sb doping. The valence band features near the edge do not change significantly with Sb doping. This understanding of the chemical nature of low lattice thermal conductive Sb-doped SnTe will help further to design the thermoelectric materials with their surface phenomenon.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2019 07:35
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2019 07:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/62885

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